"Design is the process of specifying conditions for learning" (Seels & Richey, 1994, p. 30).

The domain of design includes four subdomains of theory and practice: Instructional Systems Design (ISD), Message Design, Instructional Strategies, and Learner Characteristics.


The way I used to see design in the past was basically receiving the syllabus of the course and proceed to my planning. This one was focused on using the textbook students following the the specific grammar contents specified in each unit of the book. My classes were designed trying to develop the four macro skills when learning a language: listening, speaking, reading and writing.

This component is very important for me as it gives me the idea of how I visualize the instructional event based on the analysis of specific factors like the learners’ characteristics, the type of activities to be included, the instructional strategies and tools, etc. Now, creating materials for instruction is more relevant and attractive through the implementation of technology for design.


Instructional Systems Design

Design for LearningDesign of Instructional Unit 

This document presents the design of a project focused on teaching senior citizens how to access and use the internet. It shows the analysis of the learning context, learners, and performance objectives.

Tech ToolsTwitter Workshop

The purpose of developing this activity was to design a workshop using Gagne's 9 events of instruction. You will be able to see the application of this instructional model in a 90 minutes session showing how to use Twitter in a professional setting.

Message Design 

Digitally Mediated LearningHow to tie an overhand knot 

This video is the result of the application of communications principles and the selection of a video as a mediator to deliver instruction.

Learning Message Design - How to use images for instruction

This presentation shows the application of images for different purposes. It presents examples of decorative, representational, organizational, and other types of images used for instructional purposes.

Instructional Strategies 

Design for learning - Instructional Strategies

The elaboration of this document was focused on designing instructional strategies for the two-sessions workshop of an instructional unit. It provides the objective for each activity, how to develop them, the required instructional material and the suggested time to complete each task.

ID for Distance Learning - Instructional Strategies

This document presents pre-instructional activities and the content presentation for an asynchronous class that was developed in Canvas Learning Management System.

Learner Characteristics 

Theoretical Foundations of IDT - Learners' Analysis

This lesson plan includes the analysis of different aspects to develop a class applying one specific learning theory. Part 3 includes the analysis of the intended group this class may be applied to.

Design for Learning - Learners' Analysis 

This document reflects the analysis of senior citizens in order to design a workshop. It includes their prior knowledge, entry skills, attitudes, motivation level and learning preferences